Refereed journal publications:
  1. H. Yu, J.J. Kim, W. Chen, D.Y. Kim, J. Guo and F.So, "Effect of nano-porosity on high gain permeable metal-base transistors", Adv. Funct. Mater. 2014
  2. Jong H. Kim, Hyeonggeun Yu, Rui Liu, Do Young Kim, and Franky So, "All Solution-Processed Inorganic/Organic Hybrid Permeable Metal-Base Transistor", Small, 2014
  3. Chaoyu Xiang1, Neetu Chopra2, Jing Wang2, Christopher Brown2, Szuheng Ho1, Mathew Mathai2, and Franky So, "Phosphorescent Organic Light Emitting Diodes with a Cross-linkable Hole Transporting Material", Org. Electron. Accepted for publication (2014)
  4. Do Young Kim‡, Jiho Ryu‡, Jesse Manders, Jaewoong Lee, and Franky So, "Air-stable solution processed oxide p-n heterojunction ultraviolet photodetector", ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, accepted for publication (2014)
  5. T.-H. Lai, S.-W. Tsang, J. Manders, S. Chen and F. So "Properties of interlayers for organic Photovoltaics, Materials Today (2013)
  6. S. Chen, X. Jiang and F. So, "Hole injection polymer effect on degradation of OLEDs", Organic Electron. 14, 2518 (2013)
  7. R. Casalini, S.W. Tsang, J.J. Deninger, F. A. Arroyave, J.R. Reynolds and F. So, "Investigation of the Role of the Acceptor Molecule in Bulk Heterojunction PV Cells using Impedance Spectroscopy", J. Phys. Chem. C, (2013) dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp401435s
  8. M. Hartel, S. Chen, B. Swerdlow, HY Hsu, J. Manders, K. Schanze, F. So, "Defect-induced loss mechanisms in polymer-inorganic planar heterojunction solar cells", ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, (2013)
  9. W.H. Koo, Z. Yin and F. So, "Direct Fabrication of Organic Light Emitting Diodes on Buckled Substrates for Light Extraction", Adv. Optical Materials, DOI: adom.201300030 (2013)
  10. Cephas E. Small, Sai-Wing Tsang, Song Chen, Chad M. Amb, Jegadesan Subbiah, John R. Reynolds, Franky So, "Loss Mechanism in Thick-Film Organic Photovoltaic Cell with Low Bandgap Polymer", Advanced Energy Materials, DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201201114(2013)
  11. S.W. Tsang, S. Chen and F. So, "Energy Alignment and Sub-bandgap charge generation in polymer:fullerene bulk heterojunction solar cells", accepted for publication, Adv. Mater. adma.201204495. (2013)
  12. C. Xiang, W. Koo, F. So, H. Sasabe and J. Kido, "A Systematic study of efficiency enhancements in phosphorescent green, red, and blue microcavity OLEDs", accepted for publication, Light: Science and Applications 2, 74(2013) DOI:10.1038/lsa.2013.30
  13. M.J. Hartel, J. Subbiah and F. So, "Interlayers for efficient electron injection in polymer LEDs", IEEE J. Display Technology 9, 469-475 (2013)
  14. T. Nelson, F. So, Q. Pei, "Recent Advances in Solid State Lighting", J. Display Tech. 9, 187 (2013)
  15. J. Manders, S. Chen, S.W. Tsang, C. Amb, J.R. Reynolds and F. So, "Solution-Processed Nickel Oxide Hole Transport Layers in High Efficiency Polymer Photovoltaic Cells", Adv. Funct. Mater. 2012, 10.1002/adfm.201202269 (2013)
  16. K. Chan, S.W. Tsang, H.K.H. Lee F.So and S.K. So, "Admittance spectroscopy study of charge transporting properties of semiconducting polymers and their blends", J. Polymer Science: Polymer Physics (2013)
  17. Kenneth R. Graham, Romain Stalder, Patrick Wieruszewski, Michael Hartel, Jianguo Mei, Franky So, John R. Reynolds, "Improved Performance of Molecular Bulk-Heterojunction Photovoltaic Cells through Predictable Selection of Solvent Additives", Advanced Functional Materials, Volume 22, Pages 4801-4813, November 2012.
  18. Song Chen, Cephas E. Small, Chad M. Amb, Jegadesan Subbiah, Tzung-han Lai, Sai-Wing Tsang, Jesse M. Manders, John R. Reynolds, Franky So, "Inverted Polymer Solar Cells with Reduced Interface Recombination", Advanced Energy Materials, DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201200184, Volume 2, Page 1333-1337, November 2012.
  19. Irfan Irfan, Sachiko Graber, Franky So, Yongli Gao, "Interplay of cleaning and de-doping in oxygen plasma treated high work function indium tin oxide (ITO)", Organic Electronics, Volume 13, Pages 2028-2034, October 2012.
  20. Won Hoe Koo, Wooram Youn, Renbo Song, Le Zhao, Nelson Tansu, Franky So, "Light extraction of organic light emitting diodes by defective hexagonal-close-packed array", Advanced Functional Materials, Volume 22, page 3453-3459, August 2012.
  21. C.E. Small, S.W. Tsang, J. Kido, S.K. So, F. So, "Origin of Enhanced Hole Injection in Inverted Organic Devices with Electron Accepting Interlayer", Advanced Functional Materials, DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201200185, Volume 22, Pages 3261-3266, August 2012.
  22. S. Chen, J. Manders, S.W. Tsang, J.R. Reynolds, F. So, "Metal-oxides for organic photovoltaics", Invited Review, Journal of Materials Chemistry, Volume 22, Pages 24202-24212, August 2012.
  23. C. Xiang, W.H. Koo, S. Chen, X. Liu, X. Kong, Y. Wang, F. So, "Solution processed multilayer cadmium-free blue/violet emitting quantum dot light emitting diodes", Applied Physics Letters, Volume 101, July 2012.
  24. Pierre Beaujuge, Hoi Nok Tsao, Michael Ryan Hansen, Chad Amb, Chad Risko, Jegadesan Subbiah, Kkaushik Choudhury, Alexy Mavrinskiy, Wojciech Pisula, Jean-Luc Bredas, Franky So, Klauss Mullen, John Reynolds, "Synthetic Principles Directing Charge Transport in Low Band-Gap Dithienosilole-Benzothiadiazole Copolymers", Journal of the American Chemical Society, Volume 134, Pages 8944-8957, May 2012.
  25. K. K. H. Chan, S. W. Tsang, H. K. H. Lee, F. So, S. K. So, "Charge injection and transport studies of poly(2,7-carbazole) copolymer PCDTBT and their relationship to solar cell performance", Organic Electronics, Volume 13, Pages 850-855, May 2012.
  26. S. Chen, S.W. Tsang, C.E. Small, J.R. Reynolds, F. So, "Inverted polymer solar cells", Invited Paper, Breakthroughs in Photonics, IEEE Photonics Journal, Volume 4, Pages 625-628, April 2012.
  27. C. M. Amb, M.R. Craig, U. Koldemir, J. Subbiah, K. Roy Choudhury, S.A. Gevorgyan, M. Jorgensen, F.C. Krebs, F. So, J. R. Reynolds, "Aesthetically Pleasing Conjugated Polymer: Fullerene Blends for Green Solar Cells Via Roll-To-Roll Processing", Applied Material Interfaces, Volume 4, Pages 1847-1853, March 2012.
  28. Subbiah, Jegadesan); Amb, Chad M.; Irfan, Irfan; Gao, Yongli; Reynolds, John; So, Franky, "High-Efficiency Inverted Polymer Solar Cells with Double Interlayer", Applied Materials & Interfaces, DOI: 10.1021/am201537p, Volume 4, Pages 866-870, February 2012.
  29. Subbiah, Jegadesan; Amb, Chad; Reynolds, John R; So, Franky; "Effect of vertical morphology on the performance of silole-containing low-bandgag inverted polymer solar cells", Solar Energy and Materials and Solar Cells, Volume 97, Pages 97-101, February 2012.
  30. Small, Cephas; Chen, Song; Subbiah, Jegadesan; Amb, Chad; Tsang; Sai-Wing; Lai, Tzung-Han; Reynolds, John R; So, Franky; "High-efficiency inverted dithienogermole-thienopyrrolodione-baesd polymer solar cells", Nature Photonics, Volume 6, Pages 115-120, February 2012.
  31. R. Stalder, Grand, L.A., J. Subbiah, F. So, and J.R. Reynolds, "An isoindigo and dithieno[3,2-b:2',3'-d]silole copolymer for polymer solar cells", Polymer Chemistry, DOI: 10.1039/C1PY00402F, Pages 89-92, Issue 1 2012.
  32. So, Franky; Adachi, Chihaya; "Organic Light-Emitting Materials and Devices", Journal of Photonics for Energy, DOI: 10.1117/1.JPE.2.021299, 2012.
  33. C.A. Amb, S. Chen, K.R. Graham, J. Subbiah, C.E. Small, F. So, and J.R. Reynolds, "Dithienogermole as a fused electron donor in bulk heterojunction solar cells", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133, 10062 (2011)
  34. S. Chen, K. Roy Choudhury, J. Subbiah, C.M. Amb, J.R. Reynolds, and F. So, "Photo-carrier recombination in polymer solar cells based on P3HT and silole-based copolymer", Adv. Energy Mater. 1, 963 (2011)
  35. R. Stalder, J. Mei, J. Subbiah, C. Grand, L.A. Estrada, F. So, and J.R. Reynolds, "n-Type Conjugated Polyisoindigos" Macromolecules 44, 6303-6310 (2011)
  36. Irfan, F. So and Y.L. Gao, "Photoemission Spectroscopy Characterization of Attempts to Deposit MoO2 Thin Film", International J. of Photoenergy 2011, 1-6 (2011)
  37. D. Bera, S. Maslov, J. Lee, J. Xue, F. So and P.H. Holloway, "Optimization of down-conversion phosphor films for high efficiency white organic light emitting diodes", J. Photon. Energy 1, 11025 (2011)
  38. Irfan, Ding, H., So, F. & Gao, Y. Oxide insertion layer in organic semiconductor devices. J. Photon. Energy 1, 011105, (2011)
  39. K. R. Choudhury, J. Subbiah, S. Chen, P.M. Beaujge, C.A. Amb, J.R. Reynolds and F. So, "Understanding the performance and loss-mechanisms in donor-acceptor polymer based solar cells: Photocurrent generation, charge separation and carrier transport", Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 95, 2502-2510 (2011)
  40. J. Subbiah, C.A. Amb, J.R. Reynolds and F. So, "Effect of vertical morphology on the performance of silole-containing low-bandgap inverted polymer solar cells", Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 97, 97 (2012)
  41. M.A. McCarthy, B. Liu, E. P. Donoghue, I. Kravchenko, D. Y. Kim, F. So, and A.G. Rinzler, "Low-voltage, Low Power, Organic Light-Emitting Transistors for Active Matrix Displays", Science 332, 570 (2011)
  42. D. Y. Kim, K. Roy Choudhury, J. W. Lee, D. W. Song, G. Sarasqueta, and F. So, "PbSe Nanocrystal-based Infrared-to-visible Up-conversion Device", Nano Lett. 11, 2109 (2011)
  43. Kenneth R. Graham, Jianguo Mei, Romain Stalder, Jae Won Shim, Hyeunseok Cheun, Fred Steffy, Franky So, Bernard Kippelen, and John R. Reynolds, "Polydimethylsiloxane as a Macromolecular Additive for Enhanced Performance of Molecular Bulk Heterojunction Organic Solar Cells", ACS Appl. Mater. & Interfaces 3, 1210-1215 (2011) Highlighted by Science
  44. Jaewon Lee, Neetu Chopra, Debasis Bera, Sergey Maslov, Sang-Hyun Eom, Ying Zheng, Edward Wrzesniewski, Paul Holloway, Jiangeng Xue and Franky So, "Down-conversion white organic light-emitting diodes using microcavity structure", Adv. Energy Mater. 1, 174-178 (2011) Journal Cover
  45. Galileo Sarasqueta, Kaushik Roy Choudhury, Jegadesan Subbiah, and Franky So, "Organic and Inorganic Blocking layers for solution-processed colloidal PbSe Nanocrystal infrared photodetectors", Adv. Functional Mater. 21, 167-171 (2011)
  46. Mitchell McCarthy, Bo Liu, Ramesh Jayaraman, Stephen Gilbert, Do Young Kim, Franky So, and Andrew Rinzler, "Reorientation of the high mobility plane in pentacene-based carbon nanotube enabled vertical field effect transistors, ACS Nano 5, 291-298 (2011)
  47. P. A. Lane, S. Chen, F. So, "Electromodulated doping of the hole transport layer in a small molecule organic light-emitting diode", Journal of Photonics for Energy 2011, 1, 011020.
  48. Lei Qian, Ying Zheng, Kaushik Roy Choudhury, Debasis Bera, Franky So, Jiangeng Xue, Paul Holloway, "Electroluminescence from light-emitting polymer/ZnO nanoparticle heterojunctions at sub-bandgap voltages", Nano Today 5, 384-389 (2010)
  49. Neetu Chopra, James S. Swensen, Evgueni Polikarpov, Lelia Cosimbescu, Franky So and Asanga Padmaperuma, "High efficiency and low roll-off blue phosphorescent OLEDs using mixed host architecture", App. Phys. Lett. 97,033304 (2010)
  50. Do Young Kim, Dong Woo Song, Neetu Chopra, Pieter De Somer, and Franky So, "Organic infrared up-conversion device", Adv. Mater. 22, 2260-2263 (2010)
  51. Galileo Sarasqueta, Kaushik Roy Choudhury and Franky So, "Solvent treatment effect of PbSe quantum dot photodetectors", Chemistry of Materials 22, 3496-3501 (2010)
  52. Irfan, Juanjun Ding, Yongli Gao, Do Young Kim, Jegadesan Subbiah and Franky So, "Energy level evolution of molybdenum trioxide interlayer between indium tin oxide and organic semiconductor", Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 243307 (2010)
  53. Jegadesan Subbiah, Kaushik Roy Choudhury, Stefan Ellinger, John Reynolds and Franky So, "Color Tunable π-Conjugated Polymers for Solar-Cell Applications: Engineering of Bandgap, Interface, and Charge Transport Properties, IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 16(6), 1792-1800 (2010)
  54. Pierre Beaujuge, Jegadesan Subbiah, Kaushik Roy Choudhury, Stefan Ellinger, Tracy MaCarley, John Reynolds and Franky So, "Structural-Performance Relationships in green dioxythiophene benzothiadiazole donor-acceptor copolymers for photovoltaic applications, Chemistry of Materials 22, 2093-2106 (2010)
  55. Jegadesan Subbiah, D.Y. Kim, M. Hartel and Franky So, "MoO3/TFB double interlayer effect on polymer solar cells", Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 063303 (2010).
  56. Irfan, H.J. Ding, Y.L. Gao, D.Y. Kim, J. Subbiah and F. So, "Energy Level evolution of molybdenum trioxide interlayer between indium tin oxide and organic semiconductor" Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 073304 (2010)
  57. Pierre Beaujuge, Jegadesan Subbiah, Kaushik Roy Choudhury, Stefan Ellinger, Tracy McCarley, Franky So, and John R. Reynolds "Green dioxthiophene-benzothiadiazole donor-acceptor copolymers for photovoltaics device applications", Chemistry of Materials 22, 2093-2106 (2010).
  58. Jegadesan Subbiah, Pierre Beaujuge, Kaushik Roy Choudhury, Song Chen, John R. Reynolds and Franky So, "Combined effects of MoO3 interlayer and PC70BM on polymer photovoltaic device performance" Organic Electronics 11, 955-958 (2010).
  59. Jegadesan Subbiah, Do Young Kim, Michael Hartel and Franky So, "Double interlayer effects on organic PVs", Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 063303 (2010).
  60. Kaushik Roy Choudhury, Dong Woo Song and Franky So, "Efficient solution-processed hybrid polymer-nanocrystal near infrared light-emitting diodes", Organic Electronics, 11. 23-28 (2010).
  61. M. James Harding, Dmitry Poplavskyy, V.-E. Choong, Franky So and Alasdair J. Campbell, "Variations in hole injection due to fast and slow interfacial traps in polymer light emitting diodes with interlayers", Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 119 (2010).
  62. Franky So and Denis Kondokov, "Degradation mechanisms of organic light emitting diodes", Adv. Mater. 22, 34 (2010) Journal Cover
  63. Neetu Chopra, Jaewon Lee, Jiangeng Xue and Franky So, "High efficiency OLEDs for solid state lighting", Invited paper, IEEE Tran. Electron. Dev. 57, 101-107, (2009).
  64. Do Young Kim, Jegadesan Subbiah, Galileo Sarasqueta, Irfan, and Yongli Gao and Franky So, "The effect of molybdenum oxide on organic solar cells", Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 093304-1-093304-3 (2009)
  65. Sang-Hyun Eom, Ying Zheng, Edward Wrzesniewski, Jaewon Lee, Neetu Chopra, Franky So and Jiangeng Xue, "White phosphorescent organic light emitting devices with dual triple-doped emissive layers", Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 153303-153305 (2009)
  66. Sang-Hyun Eom, Ying Zheng, Edward Wrzesniewski, Jaewon Lee, Neetu Chopra, Franky So, and Jiangeng Xue, "Effect of electron injection and transport materials on efficiency of deep-blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting devices", Organic Electron. 10, 686-191 (2009)
  67. Neetu Chopra, Jaewon Lee, Ying Zheng, Sang-Hyun Eom, Jiangeng Xue and Franky So, "Investigating charge balance in blue phosphorescent organic light emitting diodes" ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 1, 1169-1172 (2009)
  68. Evgueni Polikarpov, James Swensen, Neetu Chopra, Franky So, Asanga Padmaperuma, "An ambipolar phosphine oxide-based host for high power efficiency blue phosphorescent OLEDs", Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 223304-223306 (2009)
  69. Jegadesan Subbiah, Pierre Beaujuge, Kaushik Roy Choudhury, Stefan Ellinger, John Reynolds, Franky So, "Efficient green solar cells via a chemically polymerizable donor-acceptor heterocyclic pentamer", ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 1, 1154-1158 (2009), Journal Cover.
  70. Do Young Kim, Yongli Gao and Franky So, "Aluminum Phthalocyanine Chloride/C60 Organic photovoltaic cells with high open circuit voltage", Solar Energy Mater and Solar Cells 93, 1688-1691 (2009)
  71. Huanjun Ding, Kiwan Park, Yongli Gao, Do Young Kim and Franky So, "Electronic Structure and interactions of LiF doped tri (8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum, Chem. Phys. Lett. 92, 473 (2009)
  72. Do Young Kim, Franky So, "SnPc:C60 bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaic cells with MoO3 interlayer", Solar Energy Mater. and Solar Cells 93, 1452-1456 (2009)
  73. K. Roy Choudhury, A. Gupta, X. Jiang, F. Amy, and F. So, "Highly Efficient Hole Injection using Novel Polymeric Anode Materials for Small Molecule Organic Light-emitting Diodes, Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 491-496 (2008) Selected as Advances in Advance category.
  74. Jaewon Lee, Neetu Chopra, Sang-Hyun Eom, Ying Zheng, Jiangeng Xue, Franky So, and Jianmin Shi, "Effects of triplet energies and transporting properties of carrier transporting materials on blue phosphorescent organic light emitting devices", Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 123306-123308 (2008)
  75. N. Chopra, J. Lee, Y. Zheng, S-H Eom, J. Xue and F. So, "High efficiency blue phosphorescent organic light emitting device", Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 143307-143309 (2008)
  76. S.-H. Eom, Y. Zheng, N. Chopra, J. Lee, F. So and J. Xue, "Low voltage and very high efficiency deep-blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting devices", Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 133309-133311 (2008)
  77. G. Sarasqueta, K. Roy Choudhury, D.Y. Kim and F. So, "Novel organic/inorganic nanocomposites for high dielectric constant materials", Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 123305-123307 (2008)
  78. Y. Zheng, S-H Eom, N. Chopra, J. Lee, F. So and J. Xue, "Efficient deep-blue phosphorescent organic light-emitting device with improved electron and exciton confinement", Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 223301-223303 (2008)
  79. J. Lee, N. Chopra, and F. So, "Cavity effects on light extraction in organic light emitting devices", Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 033303-033305 (2008)
  80. K. Roy Choulhury, J.H. Yoon, and F. So, "LiF as an n-dopant in tri(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum thin films", Adv. Mater. 20, 1456-1259 (2008)
  81. F. So, P.E. Burrows, and J. Kido, "Organic light emitting devices for solid state lighting", MRS Bulletin, 33, 663-668 (2008), Invited paper.
  82. B. Liu, M. McCarthy, Y. Yoon, D. Kim, Z. Wu, F. So, P.H. Holloway, J.R. Reynolds, J. Guo, and A.G. Rinzler, "Carbon nanotube enabled vertical field effect and light emitting transistors", Adv. Mater. 20,1-4 (2008)
  83. F. So, B. Krummacher, M.K. Mathai, D. Poplavskyy, S.A. Choulis and V.E. Choong, "Recent progress in solution processable organic light emitting devices". J. Appl. Phys. 102, 091101-091103 (2007)
  84. M.J Harding, D. Poplavskyy, V.E. Choong, A.J. Campbell and F. So, Organic Electronics, 9, 183-190 (2007)
  85. A.C. Niemeyer, I.H. Campbell, F. So, B.K. Crone, "High quantum efficiency polymer photoconductors using interdigitated electrodes", Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 103504-103506 (2007)
  86. B. Krummacher, M.K. Mathai, F. So, S.A. Choulis, and V.E. Choong, "Light extraction from solution-based processable electrophosphorescent organic light emitting diodes", IEEE J. Selected Topic in Quantum Electronics, J. Display Tech. 3, 200-209 (2007)
  87. B. Krummacher, V.E. Choong, M.K. Mathai, S.A. Choulis, F. So, F.J.T. Fiedler and M. Zachau, "Highly efficient white organic light emitting diode", Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 113506-113508 (2006)
  88. B. Krummacher, M.K. Mathai, V.E. Choong, S.A. Choulis, F. So, "Influence of charge balance and microcavity effects on resultant efficiency of organic light emitting devices", Organic. Electron. 7, 313-317 (2006)
  89. S. Choulis, V. Choong, M. Mathai and F. So, "Highly efficient organic electroluminescent device with modified cathode", Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 203502-203504 (2006)
  90. Stelios Choulis, Aditee Patwardhan, Vi-En Choong, Mathew Mathai and Franky So, "Interface modification to improve hole injection properties in organic electronic devices", Adv. Functional Mater. 16, 1075-1079 (2006)
  91. Dmitry Poplavskyy and Franky So, "Bipolar carrier transport in a conjugated polymer by admittance spectroscopy", J. App. Phys. 99, 33707-33707-09 (2006)
  92. B. Krummacher, V.E. Choong, M.K. Mathai, S.A. Choulis, F. So, F.J.T. Fiedler and M. Zachau, "Highly efficient white organic light emitting diode", Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 113506-113508 (2006)
  93. B.C. Krummacher, M.K. Mathai, V. Choong, S. Choulis, and F. So, "General method to evaluate light extraction properties of organic electroluminescent devices", J. Appl. Phys. 100, 054702-054710 (2006)
  94. M. Mathai, Vi-En Choong, S. Choulis, B. Krummacher and F. So, "Highly efficient solution processed blue organic electrophosphorescence with 14 lm/W luminous efficacy", Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 243512-243514 (2006)
  95. S. Choulis, V. Choong, M. Mathai and F. So, "The effect of interfacial layer on the performance of organic light emitting diodes", Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 113501-113505-11 (2005)
  96. Dmitry Poplavskyy and Franky So, "Bipolar charge transport, injection, and trapping in a model green emitting polyfluorene copolymer", J. App. Phys. 98, 14501-14501-11 (2005)
  97. Vi-En Choong, Jay Curless and Franky So "Bipolar Transport Organic Light Emitting Diodes with Enhanced Reliability", Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 958-960 (2000).
  98. J. Curless, Vi-En Choong and Franky So, "Efficient and Durable Organic Alloys for Electroluminescence Displays", J. Phys. D, 33(7), 760-764 (2000)
  99. J. Curless, Vi-En Choong and Franky So, "Reliability Comparison of BTEL and Bilayer Organic LEDs", Synthetic Metals, 107, 53-57 (1999)
  100. J. H. Xu, J. Shen, F. So, M. Kim and H.C. Lee, "Carrier transport mechanisms in organic electroluminescent devices, Compound Semiconductors, 156, 379-382 (1998)
  101. Vi-En Choong, Jay Curless, Franky So, Jun Shen and Jie Yang, "Organic Light Emitting Diodes with a Bipolar Transport Layer", Appl. Phys. Lett., 75, 172-174 (1999).
  102. F. So, S. Shi and H.C. Lee, "Organic electroluminescent Displays", International High Speed Electronics and System 8, 247-264 (1997)
  103. S.R. Forrest, P.E. Burrows, E.I. Haskel and F.F. So, "Ultra-high Vacuum Quasi-epitaxial Growth of Model van der Waals Thin Films", Phys. Rev. B49, 11309-11314 (1994)
  104. R. A. Norwood, D. R. Holcomb and F. So "Polymers for nonlinear optics: absorption, two-photon absorption and photodegradation," Nonlinear Optics 6, 193-196 (1993).
  105. S. R. Forrest, P. E. Burrows, E. I. Haskal, and F. F. So "Ultrahigh-vacuum Quasi-Epitaxial Growth of Model van der Waals Thin Films: Experiments", Phys. Rev. B 49, 11309-11314 (1994)
  106. F.F. So and S.R. Forrest, "Electrical and Optical Properties of Crystalline Organic Thin Films by Organic Molecular Beam Deposition", Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. Sci. Technology B2, 205-209 (1992)
  107. E.I. Haskel, F.F. So, P.E. Burrows and S. R. Forrest, "Evolution of Quasi-Epitaxial Growth of Crystalline Organic Semiconductors on Graphite", Appl. Phys. Lett 60, 3223-3225 (1992)
  108. F.F. So and S.R. Forrest, "Evidence for Exciton Confinement in Organic Multiple Quantum Wells", Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2649-2653 (1991)
  109. D.Y. Zang, F.F. So and S.R. Forrest, "Giant Anisotropies in Dielectric Properties of Quasi-Epitaxial Grown Crystalline Organic Semiconductor Thin Films", Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 823-825 (1991)
  110. D.Y. Zang, Y.Q. Shi, F.F. So and S.R. Forrest, "Optical Waveguides in Crystalline Organic Thin Films", Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 562-564 (1991)
  111. F.F. So, S.R. Forrest, Y.Q. Shi and W.H. Steier, "Quasi-Epitaxial Growth of Organic Multiple Quantum Well Structures by Organic Molecular Beam Deposition", Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 674-676 (1990)
  112. F.F. So and S.R. Forrest, "Organic-on Inorganic Semiconductor Photodetector", IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 36, 66-69 (1989)
  113. S. R. Forrest, L.Y. Leu, F. F. So and W.Y. Yoon, "Optical and Electrical Properties of Isotype Crystalline Molecular Organic Heterojunctions", J. Appl. Phys. 66, 5908-5912 (1989)
  114. F.F. So and S.R. Forrest, "Organic-on-Inorganic Semiconductor Heterojunctions: Energy-Band Discontinuities, Quasi-Fermi Levels and Carrier Velocities", J. Appl. Phys. 64, 399-405 (1988)
  115. F.F. So and S.R. Forrest, "Dependence of the Electrical Characteristics of Organic-on-Inorganic Semiconductor Contact Barrier Diodes on Organic Thin Film Composition", J. Appl. Phys. 63, 442-446 (1988)
  116. F.F. So, R. Kaplow and R.C. O'Handley, "Driving Force for Structural Relaxation in Fe-B Metallic Glasses", J. Non-Cryst. Solids 58, 285-293 (1983)
    Invited and Plenary Talks:
  117. * Carrier transport in organic optoelectronic devices, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China, October 9, 2009 (Invited seminar)
  118. * High efficiency OLEDs for solid state lighting, Asia Society for Information Displays, Guangzhou, China, Oct. 7-10, 2009 (Invited talk)
  119. * Charge balance in high efficiency blue phosphorescent organic light emitting diodes, 9th International Meeting on Information Displays, (IMID 2009), Seoul, Korea, Oct. 12-16, 2009 (Invited talk)
  120. * Charge balance in organic optoelectronic devices, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, China, June 18, 2009 (Invited seminar).
  121. * Interface effect in organic optoelectronic devices, Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore, July 3, 2009 (Invited seminar).
  122. *Organic Electronics, Department of Electrical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan, March 10, 2009 (Invited seminar)
  123. * OLEDs – device physics and applications, National Tsinghua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, March 13, 2009 (Invited seminar)
  124. * OLEDs for future lighting, Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI), Hsinchu, Taiwan, March 12, 2009 (Invited seminar)
  125. * Organic and nano-electronics, Yamagata University, Japan July 30, 2008 (Invited seminar)
  126. * Charge balance in OLEDs, European Society for Information Displays Meeting, London, September 16-18, 2008 (Invited talk)
  127. * High efficiency OLEDs for solid state lighting applications, Conference on Innovative Electronics, Osaka, Japan, July 31-August 2, 2008 (Invited seminar)
  128. * High efficiency blue phosphorescent organic light emitting diodes, Chengdu, China, June 9-12, 2008 (Invited talk)
  129. * Charge transport in heterojunction OLEDs, OSRAM Opto Semiconductors, Regensburg, Germany, November 1, 2007 (Invited seminar)
  130. * OLED device degradation, BASF, Mannheim, Germany, August 2, 2007. (Invited seminar)
  131. * Organic light emitting devices: Carrier transport and device physics, Asia Society of Information Displays Meeting, Shanghai, China, March 12, 2007 (Invited talk)
  132. * Effect of charge balance on organic light emitting device performance, Plastic Electronics Conference, Frankfurt, Germany, October 29-30, 2007 (Invited talk)
  133. * Dye-dispersed polymer phosphorescent OLEDs, Asia Society of Information Displays, Shanghai, China, March 13-16, 2007 (Invited talk)
  134. * Non-conjugated polymer OLEDs for solid state lighting, Department of Physics, Hong Kong Baptist University, June 16, 2006 (Invited seminar)
  135. * Nanoscale effects in organic optoelectronic devices, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Joint Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences and SHaRE User Meeting, September 16-18, 2009, Oak Ridge, TN (Plenary Lecture)
  136. * Interlayer effect on organic photovoltaic cells, MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, Dec., 2009
  137. * Interface study of insertion layers in organic semiconductor Devices, SPIE OLED Symposium, San Diego, CA, August 2-4, 2009
  138. * Charge balance in phosphorescent OLEDs, Society for Information Displays, San Antonio, TX, June 1-4, 2009 (Invited)
  139. * Achieving record efficiency blue OLEDs with charge balance, DOE Solid State Lighting Workshop, San Francisco, CA, February 3-5, 2009 (Invited)
  140. * OLEDs for displays and solid state lighting, International Display Research Conference, Orlando, FL, November 3-6, 2008 (Tutorial)
  141. Interlayer effect on organic photovoltaics, Invited seminar given at Plextronics, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA, September 6, 2008 (Invited)
  142. * Challenges and opportunities in flexible electronics, Symposium on Flexible Electronics sponsored by Army Research Laboratory, December 5, 2007 (Invited)
  143. * Polymer light emitting devices, MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, November 27, 2006 (Tutorial)
  144. * Dye-dispersed PHOLED for solid state lighting, ACS Conference on Macromolecules, Brooklyn, NY, June 10-13, 2007 (Invited)
  145. * Organic light emitting devices for flat panel displays and solid state lighting applications, SPIE, San Diego, 2006 (Plenary).
  146. * Dye-dispersed polymer electrophosphorescent devices for solid state lighting, Society of Plastic Engineer Topical Conference, Dayton, OH, October 23, 2006 (Invited)
  147. * High efficiency solution processable OLEDs with a different spin, SPIE Defense Conference, Orlando, FL, April, 2006 (Invited)
  148. * Carrier transport and degradation in OLEDs, Society of Information Displays Vehicles and Photons, Detroit, MI, October, 2006 (Invited)
  149. * Solution processed electrophosphorescent devices, MRS Spring Meeting, April, 2006 (Invited)
  150. * Progress in solution processable OLEDs, presented at the Annual OSA meeting, Tuscan, AZ, October, 2005 (Invited)
  151. * High Efficiency Phosphorescence Green Polymer OLED Devices, SPIE, San Diego, CA, August, 2005 (Invited)
    Invited University Seminars:
  152. * Molecular and Nano-electronics, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, UCLA, March 3, 2009
  153. * Organic light emitting devices for solid state lighting, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Florida, September 22, 2008
  154. * Charge balance in organic light emitting devices, Department of Electrical Engineering, Georgia Tech, February 1, 2008
  155. * Organic light emitting devices: Carrier transport and device physics, University of Central Florida, May, 2006
  156. * Organic light emitting devices: Carrier transport and device physics, Department of Chemical Engineering, Howard University, March 14, 2006
  157. * Carrier injection and transport properties of organic semiconductors, Department of Electrical Engineering, Princeton University, March 19, 2006
  158. * Organic light emitting devices for flat panel displays and solid state lighting, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, February, 2006
  159. * Charge transport and device degradation in OLEDs, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, March, 26, 2008
  160. * Charge transport and charge balance in OLEDs, Pacific Northwest National Lab, February 25, 2008.
  161. * Flexible electronics: challenges and opportunities, Army Research Laboratory Workshop, December 7, 2006
  162. * Challenges and Opportunities in Flexible Electronics, Army Research Laboratory Workshop on Flexible Electronics, December 5, 2007
  163. * Carrier injection and transport in OLEDs, General Electric, Schenectady, NY., February 15, 2006
  164. * Hole injection and OLED stability, Plextronics, Pittsburgh, PA., December 22, 2005 Other contributed presentations since joining UF
  165. Alyson Niemeyer, Neil Henson, Albert Migliori and Franky So, "Computational Studies of Molecular-Level Effects Induced by Electric Fields Generated by Shaped Electrodes at the Nanoscale for Energy Storage Applications", paper accepted for oral presentation at the MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, November 30-December 4, 2009.
  166. Galileo Sarasqueta, Kaushik Roy Choudhury and Franky So, "Effect of solvent treatment on solution processed nanocrystal infrared photodetectors", paper accepted for poster presentation at the MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, November 30-December 4, 2009.
  167. Kaushik Roy Choudhury, Song Chen, Jegadesan Subbiah, Pierre Beaujuge, John Reynolds and Franky So, "Understanding the performance and loss mechanisms in bulk heterojunction solar cells based on a low bandgap green polymer: photocurrent generation, charge separation and carrier transport", paper accepted for oral presentation at the MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, November 30-December 4, 2009.
  168. Galileo Sarasqueta, Kaushik Roy Choudhury and Franky So, "Hybrid organic/inorganic infrared photodetectors", paper accepted to be presented at the MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, November 30-December 4, 2009.
  169. Jegadesan Subbiah, Kaushik Roy Choudhury and Franky So, "Efficient polymer solar cells using transition metal oxide as a buffer layer", paper accepted for oral presentation at the MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, November 30-December 4, 2009.
  170. Neetu Chopra, James Swensen, Evgueni Polikarpov, Lelia Cosimbescu, Daniel Gaspar, Franky So and Asanga Padmaperuma, "High efficiency and low roll-off blue phosphorescent OLEDs using mixed host architecture", paper accepted for oral presentation at the MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, November 30-December 4, 2009.
  171. Song Chen, Jaewon Lee and Franky So, "Improving operating lifetime by enhancing hole injection in organic light emitting diodes", paper accepted for poster presentation at the MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, November 30-December 4, 2009.
  172. J.W. Lee, N. Chopra, D. Bera, S. Maslov, S. Eom, Y. Zheng, P. Holloway, J. Xue and F. So, "High efficiency white emitting devices based on microcavity blue phosphorescent OLEDs with down-conversion phosphors", paper accepted for poster presentation at the MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, November 30-December 4, 2009.
  173. D.Y. Kim, N. Chopra, P. De Somer, D.W. Song and F. So, "Organic infrared upconversion devices", paper accepted for oral presentation at the MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, November 30-December 4, 2009.
  174. Kaushik Roy Choudhury, Song Chen, Jegadesan Subbiah, Pierre Beaujuge, John Reynolds and Franky So, "Study of charge transport in organic semiconductors using carrier extraction with linearly increasing voltage", paper accepted for oral presentation at the MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, November 30-December 4, 2009.
  175. Ying Zheng, Lei Qian, Kaushik R. Choudhury, Franky So, Paul Holloway and Jiangeng Xue, "Achieving ultra-low turn-on voltages in polymer light emitting devices with a nanoparticle charge injection layer", paper accepted to be presented at the MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, November 30-December 4, 2009.
  176. JW. Lee, N. Chopra, and F. So, "Microcavity effects on light extraction efficiency of blue phosphorescent OLEDs", paper presented at the SPIE symposium, San Diego, CA, August 2-6, 2009
  177. N. Chopra, JW. Lee, and F. So, "High efficiency blue phosphorescent organic light emitting diode", paper presented at the SPIE symposium, San Diego, CA, August 2-6, 2009
  178. M. Hartel, Jegadesan Subbiah and Franky So, "Efficiency enhancement of LEDs using polymer interfacial layer", paper presented at the SPIE symposium, San Diego, CA, August 2-6, 2009
  179. Jegadesan Subbiah and Franky So, "Interlayer effects on organic photovoltaic cells", paper presented at the SPIE symposium, San Diego, CA, August 2-6, 2009
  180. Jegadesan Subbiah and Franky So, "The effect of MoO3 interlayer on organic photovoltaic cells", paper presented at the SPIE symposium, San Diego, CA, August 2-6, 2009
  181. Subbiah Jegadesan, Pierre Beaujuge, Kaushik Roy Choudhury, John Reynolds and Franky So, "Solution Processable Green Polymers for use in solar cells", MRS Spring Meeting, San Francisco, April 13-17, 2009
  182. Jaewon Lee, Neetu Chopra and Franky So, "Microcavity effect on light extraction efficiency of blue phosphorescent organic light emitting devices", MRS Spring Meeting, San Francisco, April 13-17, 2009
  183. Neetu Chopra, Jaewon Lee and Franky So, "High efficiency blue phosphorescent OLEDs by tuning the charge transport", MRS Spring Meeting, San Francisco, April 13-17, 2009
  184. Do Young Kim and Franky So, "High efficiency Infrared Organic Photodetector", MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, December 1-5, 2008
  185. Do Young Kim and Franky So, "Aluminum phthalocyanine chloride/C60 Organic photovoltaic cells with large open circuit voltage", MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, December 1-5, 2008
  186. Do Young Kim and Franky So, "Enhancement of organic photovoltaic cells with MoOx interface layer", MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, December 1-5, 2008
  187. JW Lee, N. Chopra, and F. So, " Efficiency enhancement and optical characteristics of microcavity blue phosphorescent organic light emitting devices", MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, December 1-5, 2008
  188. N. Chopra, J. Lee, and F. So, " Highly efficient, charge balanced blue phosphorescent organic light emitting devices", MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, December 1-5, 2008
  189. Kaushik Roy Choudhury, Dong Woo Song and Franky So, "Solution processed hybrid polymer-nanocrystal near infrared light emitting devices", MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, December 1-5, 2008
  190. B.K. Crone, A.C. Niemeyer, I.H. Campbell, H.E. Katz and F. So, "Interdigitated organic photodetectors", MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, December 1-5, 2008
  191. K. Park, H. Ding, Y. Gao, F. So, K. Roy Choudhury, "Energy level shift due to co-evaporated LiF in Alq3", paper to be presented at the Annual APS meeting, New Orleans, LA, March, 2008
  192. N. Chopra, J. Lee, and F. So, "Highly efficient, charge balanced blue phosphorescent OLEDs employing wide band gap host with p-i-n architecture", paper to be presented at the Annual CLEO conference, San Jose, May 6-8, 2008
  193. JW Lee, N. Chopra, and F. So, "Triplet energy confinement effect in blue phosphorescent organic light emitting devices", paper to be presented at the Annual CLEO conference, San Jose, May 6-8, 2008
  194. D.Y. Kim, D.W. Song, K. Roy Choudhury and F. So, "High efficiency organic photoconductors", paper to be presented at the MRS Spring Meeting, San Francisco, March, 2008
  195. A. Gupta, K. Roy Choudhury, X. Jiang and F. So, "Highly efficient hole injection using novel polymeric anode materials for small molecule organic light emitting diodes", paper to be presented at the Annual CLEO conference, San Jose, May 6-8, 2008
  196. G. Sarasqueta, K. Roy Choudhury, D.W. Song, D.Y. Kim, and F. So, "Novel hybrid nanocomposites for high dielectric constant materials", paper to be presented at the Annual CLEO conference, San Jose, May 6-8, 2008
  197. JW. Lee, N. Chopra, and F. So, "Effects of triplet energy confinement on blue phosphorescent organic light emitting diode", paper to be presented at the Annual CLEO conference, San Jose, May 6-8, 2008
  198. N. Chopra, JW. Lee, S.H. Eom, Y. Zheng, J. Xue, and F. So, "Tuning charge balance in a wide gap host system: route to highly efficient blue phosphorescent OLEDs", paper to be presented at the Annual CLEO conference, San Jose, May 6-8, 2008
  199. N. Chopra, JW. Lee, S.H. Eom, Y. Zheng, J. Xue, and F. So, "Importance of tuning charge balance in phosphorescent organic light emitting diodes", paper to be presented at the SPIE symposium, San Diego, CA, August, 2008
  200. JW. Lee, N. Chopra, and F. So, "Effects of triplet energy confinement by charge transporting layers on blue phosphorescent organic light emitting diode", paper to be presented at the SPIE symposium, San Diego, CA, August, 2008
  201. N. Chopra, JW. Lee, and F. So, "Highly efficient blue phosphorescent organic light emitting diodes employing high triplet energy wide band gap host", paper to be presented at the SPIE symposium, San Diego, CA, August, 2008
  202. A. Niemeyer, B. Crone, I. Campbell, F.So, "Interdigitated photoconductors using organic and small molecule materials", paper to be presented at the SPIE symposium, San Diego, CA, August, 2008
  203. K. Roy Choudhury, JH Yoon and F. So, "Enhanced electron injection and transport with LiF doping", LEOS Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, October, 2007
  204. A. Niemeyer, B. Crone, I. Campbell, F. So, "Organic materials for low cost, large area photoconductors", MRS Spring Meeting, San Francisco, April, 2007
  205. K. Roy Choudhury, JH Yoon, F. So, "LiF doping in Alq3", MRS Spring Meeting, San Francisco, April, 2007
  206. JW Lee and F. So, "Cavity effects on light out-coupling efficiency of OLEDs, MRS Spring Meeting, San Francisco, April, 2007
  207. K. Roy Choudhury, JH Yoon and F. So, "Enhanced electron injection and performance in OLEDs by LiF doping", SPIE Symposium, San Diego, CA, August, 2007
  208. JW. Lee, N. Chopra, K. Roy Choudhury, and F. So, "Influence of cavity on light extraction efficiency in organic light emitting devices", SPIE Symposium, San Diego, CA, August, 2007
  209. X. Jiang, K. Campbell, F. Amy, B. Han, F. So, K. Roy Choudhury, and A. Gupta, "Tuning the properties of polythienothiophene conductive polymers for hole injection layer application", SPIE Symposium, San Diego, CA, August, 2007
  210. M.J. Harding, D. Popslavskyy, A.J. Campbell, VE. Choong and F. So, "Altering the interfacial morphology of polymer light-emitting diodes using polymer interlayers", SPIE Symposium, San Diego, CA, August, 2006
  211. Franky So, "Solution Processed single layer electrophosphorescent devices for Solid State Lighting", Invited Paper, presented at the MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, December, 2005
  212. Franky So, "OLEDs for flat panel displays and solid state lighting," Invited Presentation given at the University of Washington Materials and Devices for Information Technology Research, May, 2005
  213. J. Harding, D. Poplavskyy, A.J. Campbell and F. So, "Hole injection enhancement by using conjugated polymer interlayer at the interface between PEDOT:PSS and light emitting polymers", paper presented at the MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, December, 2005
  214. Franky So, "Carrier Balance and High Efficiency Phosphorsecent OLED Devices for Solid State Lighting", Invited Paper, SPIE Special Topics on Organic Materials for Optoelectronics, Tucson, October, 2005
  215. Stelios Choulis, Mathew Mathai, Vi-En Choong and Franky So, "High efficiency solution processed electrophosphorescence devices", Late news paper presented at the Device Research Conference, Santa Barbara, June, 2005
  216. Mathew Mathai, V-En Choong and Franky So, "High Efficiency Phosphorescence Green Polymer OLED Devices", SPIE Symposium, San Diego, CA (2005)
  217. Dmitry Poplavskyy, Wencheng Su and Franky So, "Efficiency and Lifetime Enhancement by using a Cross-Linkable Hole Transport Layer in Green Polyfluorene Polymers", SPIE Symposium, San Diego, CA (2005)
  218. Franky So, Dmitry Poplavskyy and Wencheng Su, "Enhancement in Polymer OLED Lifetime", Society for Information Displays Digest, p.1871-183, 2005
  219. D. Poplavskyy, W. Su, F. Pschenitzka, and F. So, "Charge injection and transport in a green emitting polyfluorene", SPIE Symposium, San Diego, CA (2004)
  220. Franky So, Rahul Gupta and Andrew Ingle, "Ink Jet Printing for Flexible OLED Displays", Invited paper, Materials Research Society Symposium, April, 2004
  221. Rahul Gupta, Andrew Ingle and Franky So, "Ink Jet Printing of Light Emitting Polymers", Society for Information Displays Digest, (2004)
  222. Franky So, "OLED Development: Past and Future", Keynotes speaker, "International Display Conference", Tainan, Taiwan (2000)
  223. Jun Shen, Ji-Hai Xu, J. Yang, Song Shi and Franky So, "Physics of Organic Alloy Light Emitting Diodes", Proc. SPIE, Vol. 3939, 181 (2000)
  224. Franky So, Vi-En Choong and J. Curless, "Bipolar Transport Organic Light Emitting Diodes with Enhancement Lifetimes", paper presented at the OLED 1999 Conference, San Diego, 1999
  225. J.H. Xu, J. Shen, F. So, "Carrier Transport Mechanisms in Organic Electroluminescent Devices", Institute of Physics Conf. Series 156, 379 (1998)
  226. Jun Shen, Ji-Hai Xu, J. Yang, Franky So and H.C. Lee, "Carrier Transport Mechanisms in Organic Electroluminescent Devices", Proc. SPIE, Vol. 3281, 248 (1998)
  227. Jun Shen, Franky So, Jie Yang, Ji-Hai Xu and H. C. Lee, " Invited paper, Proc. SPIE Vol. 3476, 196 (1998)
  228. J.H. Xu, J. Shen and F. So, "Carrier Transport Mechanisms in Organic Electroluminescent Devices", Institute of Physics Conf. Series 156, 379 (1998)
  229. Franky So, J.H. Xu and H.C. Lee, "Organic Electroluminescence Displays", Invited paper, Proceedings of SID Conference, Toronto, September, 1997
  230. Franky So, Song Shi and H.C. Lee, "Organic Electroluminescence Displays", Invited paper, International Journal of High Speed Electronics and System, Vol. 8, 247 (1997)
  231. Franky So, "Organic electroluminescent displays", International Display Device Conference, Toronto, Canada, Oct, 1996
  232. F.F. So and H.A. Goldberg, "Non-resonant Optical Absorption of Side-Chain Co-polymers", Presented at the Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Albuquerque, September 20 (1993)
  233. F.F. So, P.E. Burrows and S.R. Forrest, "Crystalline Organic Thin Films Grown by Organic Molecular Beam Deposition for Nonlinear Optics Applications", Invited Paper, Materials Society Symposium, San Francisco (1993)
  234. E.I. Haskel, F.F. So, P.E. Burrows and S.R. Forrest, "Evolution of Quasi-Epitaxial Growth of Organic Molecules on Graphite Examined with RHEED", Proceedings of Materials Research Society Symposium, 1991
  235. F.F. So and S.R. Forrest, "Excitons in Crystalline Organic Multiple Quantum Wells", Presented at the Electronic Materials Conference, Boulder, June 19 (1991)
  236. F.F. So, S. R. Forrest and D.Y. Zang, "Crystalline Organic Semiconductor Thin Film Grown by Organic Molecular Beam Deposition: A New Class of Engineered Materials", Invited Paper at the IEEE LEOS Summer Topical Meeting, Newport Beach, CA, July 22, 1991.
  237. S.R. Forrest, F.F. So and D.Y. Zang, "Optical Properties of Crystalline Organic Multiple Quantum Well Structures", Symposium on Photoinduced Charge Transfer, Rochester, NY, July 10, 1991
  238. F.F. So and S.R. Forrest, "Properties of Organic Multiple Quantum Wells", paper presented at the Electronic Materials Conference, Boulder, CO, June, 1991.
  239. D.Y. Zang, F.F. So and S.R. Forrest, "Single Mode TE-passed Polarizers using Crystalline Organic Semiconductor Thin Films with Giant Dielectric Anisotropies", Integrated Photonic Research Topical Meeting, Monterey, CA, April 9, 1991
  240. S.R. Forrest, F.F. So and D. Y. Zang, "Growth of Organic Multiple Quantum Wells by Organic Molecular Beam Deposition", Invited paper at the Frontiers of Organic MBE and STM Conference, Riken, Japan, March 12, 1991
  241. F.F. So, S.R. Forrest, Y.Q. Shi and W.H. Steier, "Growth and Characterization of Organic Multiple Quantum Well Structures", Materials Research Society Conference Proceedings, San Francisco (1990)
  242. F.F. So, L.Y. Leu and S.R. Forrest, "Growth and Characterization of Organic Heterostructures", SPIE Conference Proceedings on Growth of Compound Semiconductor Structures, Vol. 1285, 95 (1990)
  243. D.Y. Zang, Y.Q. Shi, F.F. So, S.R. Forrest and W.H. Steier, "Crystalline Organic Semiconductor Thin Film Waveguides", Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Boston, Nov. 4, 1990
  244. S.R. Forrest and F.F. So, "Organic-on-Inorganic Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices", Invited paper, Proceedings of the 16th European Conference on Optical Communications, Amsterdam, 1990
  245. F.F. So and S.R. Forrest, "Molecular Semiconductor Multilayer Structures, Optical Society of America Annual Meeting, Orlando, Oct. 15, 1989
  246. S.R. Forrest and F.F. So, "Optoelectronic Device Applications of Organic Thin Film Semiconductors", Invited paper at the IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting, Orlando, October 15, 1989
  247. F.F. So and S.R. Forrest, "Organic-on-Inorganic Semiconductor Photodetector", Integrated and Guided Wave Optics Topical Meeting, Santa Fe, March 28, 1988.
  248. F.F. So and S.R. Forrest, "Growth and Characteristics of Organic-on-Inorganic Semiconductor Heterostructures", Proceedings of SPIE Conference on Growth of Compound Semiconductor Structures, March, 1998
  249. F.F. So and R. Kaplow, "Changes of Curie Temperatures of Fe-B Metallic Glasses upon Annealing", AIME Annual Meeting, Dallas, 1982
    Issued Patents:
  250. "Solution processed crosslinkable hole injection and hole transport polymers for OLEDs", US7,576,356, substantial enhancement in device lifetime.
  251. "Interfacial trap layer to improve carrier injection", US6,963,081, improve OLED device efficiency.
  252. "Determining leakage in matrix-structured electronic devices", US7,157,928, effective way to detect display panel defects.
  253. "Current limiting device", US6,989,806, low cost fabrication of OLED displays.
  254. "Voltage-source thin film transistor driver for active matrix displays", US6,747,639, low cost fabrication of OLED displays.
  255. "Active matrix light emitting apparatus for flat panel display with microcavity for transmitting light emitted from organic electroluminescent device to color converting medium", US611,136,1, low power
  256. consumption OLED displays.
  257. "Method of purifying a primary color generated by an OED",US6,326,224, high efficiency OLED displays.
  258. "Organic electroluminescent device with continuous organic medium", US6,130,001, devices lead to substantial lifetime enhancement.
  259. "Organic electroluminescent device with continuous organic medium containing rubrene", US6,114,055, devices lead to substantial lifetime enhancement.
  260. "Light emitting apparatus and method of fabrication", US6,111,361, very high efficiency OLED displays.
  261. "Light-emitting apparatus and method of fabrication", US6,111,270, very high efficiency OLED displays.
  262. "Organic electroluminescent display device and method of fabrication", US6,107,736, very high efficiency OLED displays.
  263. "Full color organic electroluminescent display device and method of fabrication", US6,075,316, low cost fabrication of OLED displays
  264. "Organic electroluminescent device with enhanced performance", US6,064,151, high efficiency OLED displays
  265. "Active matrix OED array with improved OED cathode", US5,998,805, Improved efficiency in OLED displays, enhanced OLED device lifetime.
  266. "Organic electroluminescent display with icons", US5,977,704, low cost technique to fabricate OLED displays.
  267. "Organic electroluminescent device with plural microcavities", US5,949,187, enhanced device efficiency.
  268. "Image scanner and display apparatus", US5,929,845, novel integration of scanner and display.
  269. "Organic electroluminescent device with graded region", US5,925,980, enhanced OLED device lifetime.
  270. "Modified anode for a display device", US5,902,677, enhanced OLED device efficiency
  271. "Modified electrodes for display devices", US5,888,662, enhanced OLED device lifetime.
  272. "Organic electroluminescent device with emission from hole transporting layer", US5,886,464, enhanced OLED device lifetime
  273. "Method of forming an electroluminescent array", US5,873,760, low cost manufacturing of OLED displays
  274. "Efficient single layer electroluminescent device", US5,853,905, enhanced OLED device efficiency
  275. "Organic electroluminescent device hermetic encapsulation package", US5,821,692, low cost packaging technique for OLEDs.
  276. "Electron injecting materials for organic electroluminescent devices and devices using same", US5,817,431, enhanced OLED device performance.
  277. "Passivation of electroluminescent organic devices", US5,811,177, enhanced OLED device storage lifetime.
  278. "Organic electroluminescent device and method of making same", US5,773,931, enhanced OLED device efficiency
  279. "Organic EL device with dual doping layers", US5,773,929, enhanced OLED device lifetime.
  280. "Multi-color organic electroluminescent device", US5,773,130, novel technique to produce low cost OLED displays.
  281. "Passivation of organic devices", US5,771,562, low cost OLED encapsulation scheme.
  282. "Passivated organic device having alternating layers of polymer and dielectric", US5,757,126, low cost, compact encapsulation scheme.
  283. "Organic electroluminescent light emitting material and device using same", US5,747,183, enhanced OLED device efficiency
  284. "Full color organic light emitting diode array", US5,736,754, low cost technique to produce full color OLED displays.
  285. "Passivation of electroluminescent organic devices", US5,731,661, low cost encapsulation scheme for OLED displays.
  286. "Pre-charge driver for light emitting devices and method", US5,723,950, novel technique to drive OLED displays.
  287. "Multicolored organic electroluminescent display" US5,705,285, simple technique to fabricate multi-color OLED displays
  288. "Full color organic light emitting diode array", US5,693,962, simple technique to fabricated full color displays.
  289. "Passivation of organic devices", US5,686,360, low cost technique to passivate OLED displays.
  290. "Smart driver for an array of LEDs", US5,684,368, enhanced display quality with novel driving technique.
  291. "Organometallic fluorescent complex polymers for light emitting applications", US5,681,659, low cost polymers for OLED displays
  292. "Organic light emitting diodes with molecular alignment and method of fabrication", US5,677,545, enhanced OLED device efficiency
  293. "Organic electroluminescent device with emission from hole transporting layer", US5,668,438, enhanced OLED device efficiency
  294. "Method of making two dimensional organic light emitting diode array for high density information image manifestation apparatus", US5,656,508, low cost technique to fabricate OLED displays
  295. "Integrated electro-optic package" US5,650,640, novel device integrated OLED displays and detectors.
  296. "Two dimensional organic light emitting diode array for high density information image manifestation apparatus", US5,587,589, simple technique to fabricate OLED displas
  297. "Organometallic fluorescent complex polymers for light emitting applications", US5,504,183, novel materials for polymer displays
  298. "Organic optoelectronic devices and methods", US5,315,129, novel device structure for OLEDs
  299. "Polarization-selective integrated optoelectronic devices incorporating crystalline organic thin films", US5,172,385, novel technique to fabricate organic optoelectronic devices.
  300. "Liquid crystal display backlighting method for handheld devices, WO200221500, backlight for LCDs.
  301. Organic electroluminescence device containing bi-naphthyl hole transporting material having high thermal stability", EP797375, improve OLED stability.
  302. "Double sided viewable LCD display for portable electronic device, has a transflector portion than can be switched between reflective and transparent states", WO200271131, double sided LCD displays
  303. "Organic device passivation, especially for LEDs by coating transparent plastic substrate with at least one transparent polymer film", EP777280, OLED encapsulation.
  304. "Full color organic light emitted diode array for image displays has electroluminescent color media with light transmissive conductors within cavities defined on top of conductive strips formed on substrate", EP774787, full color displays for OLEDs.